I'm afraid that the answer is... Not unless you have something like Mobile recovery or Mobile lookout installed on your phone already. If you have either you can go to the respective websites and wipe all of your personal data. I would call the police though, it seems as if that is a form of theft.
Have you call Verizon to report the phone as stolen? That will disable the phone and prevent anyone from activating it on their account.
It is very unfortunate that you had to experience this!
As the other members have already mentioned, unless you had a 3rd party Mobile Recovery or Mobile Lookout application installed on your device that would allow you to remotely wipe, we wouldn't be able to delete the phone information for you. Once the data (text/contacts/email.. etc.) reaches the device it is on the device until the user physically deletes it from the device. Did you have a security password or lock pattern established and active on the device at the time it was stolen? If so, you wouldn't have to worry about the data being accessed. In order for someone to unlock a password protected Android device, they would have to factory reset the device. The only data that may be retrievable to the person who has the device, once unlocked, would be data stored on the SD memory card.
Also, as Ann154 suggested, have you had a chance to suspend the line for lost or stolen? This would prevent the user from being able to active the device on another line. This can be done online (www.verizonwireless.com) or by calling into Customer Service (*611).
I hope we have answered your questions, and have addressed your concerns.
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